The history of the United States is one of heroes and despots. Often, they've been one in the same. How do we reconcile the acknowledgement of our history with the need for sensitivity to the oppressed, enslaved, displaced and victimized? Is replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day sufficient to remember the full meaning of what occurred on October 12, 1492? Clearly, Columbus' arrival in the New World initiated the genocide of the indigenous populations and the African Slave trade. It also had many other meanings including the origin of the United States with its noble experiment in democratic self-rule and the creation of a dynamic and prosperous society. Kit Carson did command a cruel war against the Navajo (Diné) and their disastrous “Long Walk” to exile in Bosque Redondo. Later, that experience also convinced Carson of the wrong headedness of the existing Indian policy. He later accompanied a delegation of Ute and Shoshone leaders to Washington to humanize and reform that policy. We'll explore and discuss multiple examples of how we recognize the history of a great nation, while repudiating the actions we can only find reprehensible.